West Bengal (Raniganj, Burdwan, Bankura, Purulia, Birbhum, Jalpaigudi,
Darjeeling) Jharkhand (Jharia, Giridih, Kharhawadi, Bokaro, Hazaribagh,
Karnapura, Rampur, Palamau), Orissa (Rampur, Hindgir, Talcher,
Sambhal), Madhya Pradesh and Chhatisgarh (Rewa, Pench valley, Umaria,
Korba, Sohagpur, Mand river area, Kanha valley, Betul), etc. Power sector
is the largest consumer of coal in India followed by steel industry, cement
Orissa, Maharashtra (Nagpur, Bhandara, Ratnagiri), Madhya Pradesh
(Balaghat, Chhindawara), Karnataka (Keonjhar, Bonai, Kalahandi), Andhra
Pradesh (Kadur, Garibadi).
Madhya Pradesh (Balaghat), Rajasthan (Khetri), Jharkhand (Singhbhum,
Masobani, Surda), Karnataka (Chitradurg, Hussan)
Jharkhand (Hazaribagh, Giridih, Kodarma, Bihar (Gaya, Bhagalpur),
Andhra Pradesh (Guntur, Vizag, Kurnool), Rajasthan (Bhilwara, Udaipur,
Assam (Digboi, Naharkatiya, Badarpur, Masinpur and Pallharia), Gujarat
(Ankleshwar, Khambat, Kalol), Mumbai High, Bassein (south of Mumbai
High), etc. Recently oil has been discovered in Cauvery basin, Krishna and
Godawari basin, Kharmbat basin, etc.
6 Oil Refineries
There are 18 refineries in India, 16 in public sector, one in joint sector and
one in private sector. Public sector refineries are located at Digboi,
Guwahati, Bongaigaon, Barauni, Haldia, Koyali, Mathura, Kochi, Chennai,
Vishakhapatnam, Mumbai (2), Panipat, Narimanam, Numanigarh and
Tatipaka. Joint sector refinery is at Mangalore. The private sector refinery of
Reliance Limited is at Jamnagar.
India possesses Haematite, a very high-grade iron ore. In Madhya Pradesh
(Bailadila, Jabalpur), Goa (North Goa), Karnataka (Bababudan hills,
Chikmagalur, Hospet), Jharkhand (Singhbhum, Naomundi), Andhra
Pradesh, Orissa India is the fifth largest exporter of Iron ore in the world.
Japan is the biggest buyer accounting for about 3/4th of India's total exports.
Major ports handling iron ore export are Vishakhapatnam, Paradip,
Marmagao and Mangalore.
Chief ore for producing aluminium. In Orissa (Kalahandi, Koraput,
Sundargarh, Bolangir, Sambalpur), Jharkhand (Lohardaga, Gumla), Madhya
Pradesh (Jabalpur, Mandla, Shahdol, Katni, Balaghat), Maharashtra, Andhra
Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu
Karnataka (Kolar, Hutti, Raichur), Andhra Pradesh (Ramgiri and Yeppamanna goldfields in Chittor and Anantapur districts
10 Silver, Zinc and Lead
Rajasthan (Zawar mines near Udaipur), Andhra Pradesh (Mysore,
Chitradurg), Karnataka (Kolar mines)
Jharkhand (Jaduguda), Rajasthan (Ajmer), Andhra Pradesh (Nellore,
Nalgonda), Karnataka (Gulbarga)
12 Thorium Kerala coast (From Monazite sand), rocks of Aravallis in Rajasthan