भारत में खनिज तत्व



1  Coal 
West Bengal (Raniganj, Burdwan, Bankura, Purulia, Birbhum, Jalpaigudi, 
Darjeeling) Jharkhand (Jharia, Giridih, Kharhawadi, Bokaro, Hazaribagh, 
Karnapura, Rampur, Palamau), Orissa (Rampur, Hindgir, Talcher, 
Sambhal), Madhya Pradesh and Chhatisgarh (Rewa, Pench valley, Umaria, 
Korba, Sohagpur, Mand river area, Kanha valley, Betul), etc. Power sector 
is the largest consumer of coal in India followed by steel industry, cement 
industry, etc. 


2  Manganese 
Orissa, Maharashtra (Nagpur, Bhandara, Ratnagiri), Madhya Pradesh 
(Balaghat, Chhindawara), Karnataka (Keonjhar, Bonai, Kalahandi), Andhra 
Pradesh (Kadur, Garibadi). 
3  Copper 


Madhya Pradesh (Balaghat), Rajasthan (Khetri), Jharkhand (Singhbhum, 
Masobani, Surda), Karnataka (Chitradurg, Hussan) 
4  Mica 


Jharkhand (Hazaribagh, Giridih, Kodarma, Bihar (Gaya, Bhagalpur), 
Andhra Pradesh (Guntur, Vizag, Kurnool), Rajasthan (Bhilwara, Udaipur, 
Jaipur) 
5  Petroleum 


Assam (Digboi, Naharkatiya, Badarpur, Masinpur and Pallharia), Gujarat 
(Ankleshwar, Khambat, Kalol), Mumbai High, Bassein (south of Mumbai 
High), etc. Recently oil has been discovered in Cauvery basin, Krishna and 
Godawari basin, Kharmbat basin, etc. 


Oil Refineries 
There are 18 refineries in India, 16 in public sector, one in joint sector and 
one in private sector. Public sector refineries are located at Digboi, 
Guwahati, Bongaigaon, Barauni, Haldia, Koyali, Mathura, Kochi, Chennai, 
Vishakhapatnam, Mumbai (2), Panipat, Narimanam, Numanigarh and 
Tatipaka. Joint sector refinery is at Mangalore. The private sector refinery of 
Reliance Limited is at Jamnagar. 


7  Iron 
India possesses Haematite, a very high-grade iron ore. In Madhya Pradesh 
(Bailadila, Jabalpur), Goa (North Goa), Karnataka (Bababudan hills, 
Chikmagalur, Hospet), Jharkhand (Singhbhum, Naomundi), Andhra 
Pradesh, Orissa India is the fifth largest exporter of Iron ore in the world. 
Japan is the biggest buyer accounting for about 3/4th of India's total exports. 
Major ports handling iron ore export are Vishakhapatnam, Paradip, 
Marmagao and Mangalore. 


8  Bauxite 
Chief ore for producing aluminium. In Orissa (Kalahandi, Koraput, 
Sundargarh, Bolangir, Sambalpur), Jharkhand (Lohardaga, Gumla), Madhya 
Pradesh (Jabalpur, Mandla, Shahdol, Katni, Balaghat), Maharashtra, Andhra 
Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu 


9  Gold 
 Karnataka (Kolar, Hutti, Raichur), Andhra Pradesh (Ramgiri and Yeppamanna goldfields in Chittor and Anantapur districts 


10 Silver, Zinc and Lead 
Rajasthan (Zawar mines near Udaipur), Andhra Pradesh (Mysore, 
Chitradurg), Karnataka (Kolar mines) 


11  Uranium 
Jharkhand (Jaduguda), Rajasthan (Ajmer), Andhra Pradesh (Nellore, 
Nalgonda), Karnataka (Gulbarga) 


12  Thorium  Kerala coast (From Monazite sand), rocks of Aravallis in Rajasthan 

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